Veterans Administration Program records
04.VA

Summary Information

Repository
Eastern Michigan University Archives
Creator
United States. Veterans Administration.
Creator
United States. Veterans Bureau.
Title
Veterans Administration Program records
ID
04.VA
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1945-1956
Date [inclusive]
1921-1962
Extent
1.8 Linear feet 4 archive boxes, 1 halfsize archive box
Language
English
Abstract
The Veterans Administration Program records are the administrative files associated with the enrollment of veterans in the 1920s, 1940s and 1950s at Michigan State Normal College, Eastern Michigan College and Eastern Michigan University. The majority of materials are associated with those students taking advantage of benefits associated with the Vocational Rehabilitation Act (Public Law 16) and Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (P.L. 78-346), known informally as the G.I. Bill, and date from 1941-1962. Additional materials are related to those students enrolled through the Vocational Rehabilitation Program in the 1920s. Materials are seperated by the two legislative initatives and within each record group files are arranged in the original order that they were transferred.

Preferred Citation note

Please cite materials from the University Archives in the following manner: Item. Collection Title. Eastern Michigan University Archives.

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Administrative History note

In 1917, the Smith-Huges Act made federal money available to states on a matching basis for vocational education programs, in an effort to train wounded WWI veterans with new skills. The Federal Board for Vocational Education administered the veteran and civilian vocational rehabilitation programs. In 1918, the Soldier's Rehabilitation Act created a vocational rehabilitation program for disabled veterans which was administered by the Federal Board for Vocational Education. The 1920 Smith-Fess Act, also known as the Civilian Vocational Rehabilitation Act (Public Law 236), established a civilian vocational rehabilitation program under the Federal Board for Vocational Education to be funded on a 50-50 matching basis with the states. Congress provided $750,000 for the first year and $1,000,000 for each of the next two years. The funding could be used for vocational guidance, training, occupational adjustment services, and job placement. Benefits specific to Veterans were administered by the Veterans Bureau.

The Veterans Administration came in 1930 when Congress authorized the President to "consolidate and coordinate Government activities affecting war veterans." This consolidation moved three bureaus; Veterans Bureau, the Bureau of Pensions of the Interior Department, and the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, under the control of the Veterans Administration. The Veterans Administration was responsible for overseeing the Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1943 (Public Law 78-16) which instituted a rehabilitation program for disabled veterans. In the following year, on June 22, 1944, the Servicemen's Readjustment Act became law (Public Law 78-346). The 1944 Act, frequently referred to as the G.I. Bill of Rights, or simply the G.I. Bill, provided, among other things, for guaranteed loans to veterans and for payment of educational and living expenses to veterans who wished to pursue educational and vocational training goals.

The GI Bill has been credited with enabling veterans with the ability to purchase homes and gain a college education. College and University campuses across the country, especially after WWII, saw dramatic increases in enrollment and demand for campus housing.

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Scope and Contents note

The records of the Veterans Administration Program collection are a series of exchanges between the Public Vocational Rehabilitation Program; and the Veterans Bureau, later subsumed by the Veterans Administration. These exchanges are formal in nature and focus on accounts payable, contracts, course approval, and lists of Veterans enrolled in courses at the Michigan State Normal College (MSNC), Eastern Michigan College and Eastern Michigan University. Materials in the collection date from 1921; shortly after Congress expanded the 1918 Soldiers Rehabilitation Act in 1920 to include anyone with a physical disability, not just veterans; until 1962, with the bulk of these later materials dating from 1945-1956 when WWII and Korean War veterans were returning to college. The collection is divided into two series of matierials: Vocational Rehabilitation Program and Vocational Rehabilitation Act & Servicemen's Readjustment Act. Materials in the  Vocational Rehabilitation Program series are correspondence and sample forms that date from 1921-1928 and were arranged chronologically by the originating office. Correspondence is between the MSNC and the various government agencies overseeing the rehabilitation program.

The Vocational Rehabilitation Act & Servicemen's Readjustment Act series contains lists of veterans enrolled in course and is primarily filed by individual semesters; contracts with the Veterans Administration that are attached to course catalogs indicating which courses and for which approved fees the College would be seeking reimbursement; training materials specific to administering the GI Bill at a college or university; and promotional materials used by MSNC to encourage enrollment. There are three individual student files at the end of this record series; researchers might expect to see more material of this nature in the collection given the dramatic increase in enrollment at MSNC because of this government program, but these are the only files of this nature transferred to the University Archives.

It is not a complete collection, but it is a comprehensive look at how a major goverment program was administered at the College between 1921 and 1962.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Eastern Michigan University Archives 2013 December 12

Halle Library, Room 310
Ypsilanti, Michigan, 48197
734-487-0020

Conditions Governing Access note

Researchers are asked to request materials 24 hours prior to visiting the the University Archives.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Additional materials pertaining to students receiving GI Bill benefits can be found in the WWII series in the Military Participation on Campus records. Additional materials pertaining to students receiving benefits from the Vocational Rehabilitation Program can be found in the WWI series in the  Military Participation on Campus records.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • United States. Federal Board for Vocational Education. Division of Rehabilitation .

Subject(s)

  • Korean War, 1950-1953.
  • Michigan State Normal College
  • School enrollment
  • Veterans
  • World War I
  • World War II

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Collection Inventory

Vocational Rehabilitation Program 1921-1928 

Box Folder

Correspondence 1921-1923 

1 1

Correspondence 1924-1926 

1 2

Correspondence 1927-1928 

1 3

Sample Forms 

1 4

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Vocational Rehabilitation Act & Servicemen's Readjustment Act 1941-1962 

Box Folder

Deceased War Veterans Children 1938-1942 

1 5

GI List Fall 1944 - Summer 1945 

1 6

Veterans Under ACT 346 or ACT 16 Second Semester 

1 7

Veteran List Summer 

1 8

Veteran List Fall 

1 9

Veteran List Second Semester 

1 10

Veterans Enrolled Summer Session 

2 1

Veterans Enrolled Fall 

2 2

GI's Spring 

2 3

GI's Fall 

2 4

Army Deposits 1945-1949 

2 5

Accounts Payable 1948-1950 

2 6

Army 

2 7

Officers of ROTC taking courses 

2 8

Veterans 

2 9

Veteran List 1954-1956 

2 10

VA Contract September 15, 1951-August 15, 1952 

2 11

Summaries of GI Bills Presented for Payment 1946-1952 

2 12

VA Correspondence 1947-1955 

2 13

VA Bulletins 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024763113)   3 1-2
    Box Folder
Text (32307024758139)   2 14

Box Folder

Summary Sheet 1954, 1955, 1959 

3 3

VA Billing Charges Summer Semester 

3 4

PL 346 & PL 16 Beginning Fall 1952 

3 5

Korean Veterans Beginning Fall 1952 

3 6

List of Veterans Enrolled Summer 1952 

3 7

Heywoods 

3 8

Veterans Enrolled Fall 1950 

3 9

GI Student List Spring 1951 

3 10

GI Tuition Chart Fall 1951 

3 11

GI Price List Spring 1951 

3 12

GI Biling List Summer 1948 

3 13

GI Tuition Chart Fall 1951 

3 14

Army Deposits 

3 15

Unpaid GI Billing 

3 16

GI Billing List Fall 1948-1949 

3 17

GI Billing List Fall 1947-Spring 1948 

3 18

GI Billing List Summer 1947 

3 19

Chart for Rebiling of PL 16's Enrolling for Summer Session 1947 1947 

3 20

Payment Received 

3 21

Navy Contracts 

3 22

GI Enrollment List Summer 1950 

3 23

GI's Summer 1951 

3 24

GI's Spring 1949 

3 25

GIs Enrolled 1948 

3 26

Administrative Files 

3 27

GI's Fall Semester 1947 

4 1

 Fall 1947 

4 2

GI List Summer 1947 

4 3

Veterans Enrolled Summer Session 

4 4

Veteran Administration Questions 

4 5

Correspondence Regarding Contracts 

4 6

Veterans Administration Audit 

4 7

Statement of Charges 1957-1958 

4 8

Contract Negotiations 1955-1959 

4 9

Contract Negotiations 1962 

4 10

Instructions from Dorothy Weismiller on the Veteran's Administration 

4 11

Contracts 

4 12

Change One to USAFI Catalog 

4 13

Contracts and Correspondence 1949-1952 

4 14-16

Correspondence Regarding Watson, Jennison, Paffhausen, Logan 

5 1

Jennison, James G. 

5 2

Logan, Arnold 1946 

5 3

Watson, George A. 

5 4

Instructions for Preparing Vouchers Covering Tuition, Books and Supplies, Under Public Acts #16 and #346 

5 5

Training Materials from VA 

5 6-7

Brochures from Michigan State Normal College 

5 8

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