Military participation on campus records
04.MPOC

Summary Information

Repository
Eastern Michigan University Archives
Title
Military participation on campus records
ID
04.MPOC
Date [inclusive]
1864-2005
Extent
2.8 Linear feet 1 record center carton, 1 halfsize archive box, 2 flat boxes
Language
English
Abstract
The Military participation on campus records, 1864-2005, include materials from the American Civil War, Spanish-American War, World War I, World War II, as well as secondary materials relating to the history of these conflicts as they relate to Michigan State Normal College, its students, alumni, faculty, staff and campus, as well as Ypsilanti, MI. The bulk of the materials are approximately dated 1864 to 1944, and include clippings, photographs, correspondence, memorabilia, and cassettes. The  Military participation on campus records have been divided into four record groups:  American Civil War,  Spanish-American War,  World War I, and  World War II.

Preferred Citation note

Please cite materials from the University Archives in the following manner: Item. Collection Title. Eastern Michigan University Archives.

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Historical note

The Military participation on campus collection includes materials pertinent to Michigan State Normal College students, alumni, faculty, and campus and their participation in the American Civil War, the Spanish-American War, World War I, and World War II.

The American Civil War (1861-1865) began when 11 southern states seceded from the United States in response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President, and formed the Confederate States of America. The remaining 25 states supported the existing union. After four years of conflict, primarily in the southern states, the Confederacy surrendered and re-joined the union; as a result of the war, slavery was outlawed in the entire country. Participants in the conflict from Michigan State Normal College and the Ypsilanti area served as members of the 17th Michigan Infantry as well as the Stonewall Regiment.

The Spanish-American War (1898) was part of a larger conflict between the United States and Spain and was the direct result of American intervention in the Cuban War for Independence. Cubans had struggled against Spanish colonial rule for decades, and after several years of tension, the American battleship Maine was mysteriously sunk in Havana harbor which led to political pressure for U.S. President William McKinley to formally declare war on Spain. The United States attacked Spanish colonies in the Pacific, particularly the Philippines, and secured the surrender of Manila and Santiago de Cuba. The Treaty of Paris ended the conflict, and proved favorable to American interests, including the temporary control of Cuba, as well as uninterrupted colonial control in Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. Michigan State Normal College participants served in Company G.

World War I (1914-1918) was known as the "Great War" or "World War" until 1939, when it became known as "World War I." The conflict involved all of the major world powers who were aligned on two sides: the Allies (France, United Kingdom, Russia), and the Central Powers (Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary); these alignments changed and fluctuated as additional countries entered the conflict. The United States maintained a stance of non-intervention until 1917, when it entered the conflict as a result of German attacks on American merchant ships. The conflict resulted in the establishment of the League of Nations, the Treaty of Versailles, and the rearrangement of much of Europe and its worldwide colonies.

World War II (1939-1945) is the deadliest conflict in human history, with an estimated death toll of 50 to 70 million. In this conflict, participating countries were aligned on two sides, the "Allies" and the "Axis" powers. The war began in 1939 when Germany invaded Poland and eventually occupied much of continental Europe; much of this territory was annexed by the Soviet Union. In December 1941, Japan attacked the United States and several European territories in the Pacific. The conflict ended after the Allied invasion of Italy and American military victories in the Pacific; eventually Polish and Soviet forces entered Berlin and Germany surrendered unconditionally in 1945. As a result of the conflict, the United Nations was established to foster international cooperation; additionally, the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as rival super powers, laying the foundation for the Cold War and many European nations began the process of decolonisation in Africa and Asia. The Army Specialized Training Program was established during World War II to provide the continuous and accelerated flow of high grade technicians needed by the Army. Qualified soldiers were sent to Michigan State Normal College and other universities for terms of prescribed study.

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Scope and Contents

The Military participation on campus records, 1864-2005, include materials from the American Civil War, Spanish-American War, World War I, World War II, as well as secondary materials relating to the history of these conflicts as they relate to Michigan State Normal College and Ypsilanti, MI. The bulk of the materials are approximately dated 1864 to 1944, and include clippings, photographs, correspondence, memorabilia, and cassettes.

The Military and campus participation records have been divided into four record groups:  American Civil War,  Spanish-American War,  World War I, and  World War II.

The American Civil War records include the series of the 17th Michigan Infantry. These records include a bibliography and related secondary materials, images given to the University Archives by John Rice (a filmmaker working on a Michigan State Normal College 150th anniversary documentary in 2002), as well as clippings and materials relating to Civil War memorials on campus.

The Spanish-American War record group includes only one folder of materials relating to Company G, based in Ypsilanti, Michigan. The World War I record group includes clippings, correspondence, mainly of C.P. Steimles, as well as a booklet of War Service Records and a poster of Honor Speakers.

The World War II record group has been subdivided into several series: University Participants, Willow Run Bomber Plant, Campus, the Army Specialized Training Program, and Barry H. Alford. The University Participants series includes information pertaining to students, alumni, and faculty, and is composed of lists of participants, clippings, correspondences, G.I. Bill materials, and Japanese American student relocation materials. The Willow Run Bomber Plant series includes a proposal, clippings, and correspondence relating to the manufacturing of bombers at the local Willow Run airport. The Campus series includes materials on air raids and surveys of campus facilities. The Army Specialized Training Program includes program materials such as academic transcripts and records, clippings, and an oral history by Fred Barney, a program participant. Barry H. Alford was an Ypsilanti resident who donated his materials, including certificates, memorabilia, correspondence, and photographs.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Eastern Michigan University Archives 2012 January 12

Halle Library, Room 310
Ypsilanti, Michigan, 48197
734-487-0020

Revision Description

  2012 February 17

Conditions Governing Access note

Researchers are asked to request materials 24 hours prior to use through the University Archives.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

For more information on C.P. Steimle, University Registrar, please see his collection in the University Archives.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Eastern Michigan College

Subject(s)

  • Eastern Michigan University
  • Michigan State Normal College
  • Spanish-American War, 1898
  • United States -- History -- Civil War--1861-1865.
  • War
  • World War I, 1914-1918
  • World War II

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Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements note

Fred Barney oral history requires a cassette player.

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Collection Inventory

American Civil War 1864-2005 

Scope and Contents

The American Civil War (1861-1865) began when 11 southern states seceded from the United States in response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President, and formed the Confederate States of America. The remaining 25 states supported the existing union. After four years of conflict, primarily in the southern states, the Confederacy surrendered and re-joined the union; as a result of the war, slavery was outlawed in the entire country. Participants in the conflict from Michigan State Normal College and the Ypsilanti area served as members of the 17th Michigan Infantry as well as the Stonewall Regiment. The American Civil War record group includes materials relating to the 17th Michigan Infantry, such as clippings, memorials, images, and a bibliography with relevant articles.

17th Michigan Infantry 1864-2005 

Clippings 1864-2003 


    Box Folder
Mixed Materials (32307024766256)   1 1

John Rice images 2002 


    Box Folder
Mixed Materials (32307024766256)   1 2

Stone Wall Regiment 


    Box Folder
Mixed Materials (32307024766256)   1 3

Memorials 1890-2005  (Bulk, 1994-1995)


    Box Folder
Mixed Materials (32307024766256)   1 4

Bibliography and articles 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 5-6

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Spanish American War 1905-1954 

Scope and Contents

The Spanish-American War (1898) was part of a larger conflict between the United States and Spain and was the direct result of American intervention in the Cuban War for Independence. The Treaty of Paris ended the conflict, and proved favorable to American interests, including the temporary control of Cuba, as well as uninterrupted colonial control in Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. Michigan State Normal College students served in Company G, and this record group includes material on student and faculty participants.

Company G 1905-1954 


    Box Folder
Mixed Materials (32307024766256)   1 7

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World War I 1917-2002 

Scope and Contents

World War I (1914-1918) involved all of the major world powers who were aligned on two sides: the Allies (France, United Kingdom, Russia), and the Central Powers (Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary). The United States maintained a stance of non-intervention until 1917, when it entered the conflict as a result of German attacks on American merchant ships. The conflict resulted in the establishment of the League of Nations, the Treaty of Versailles, and the rearrangement of much of Europe and its worldwide colonies. The World War I record group includes service records, correspondence and clippings related to student and faculty participants from Michigan State Normal College.

Clippings 1918-2002 

Box
1
Folder

 1918-2002 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 8

Correspondence 1917-1919 

C.P. Steimle 1917-1919 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 9-10

Michigan State Normal College 1918 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 11

War Service Records 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 12

Honor Speakers in the War poster 


    Box Folder
Graphic materials (32307024766264)   2 1

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World War II 1942-1946 

Scope and Contents

Michigan State Normal College was a site for the Army Specialized Training Program. The Army Specialized Training Program ("ASTP") was established by the United States Army in December 1942 to identify, train and educate academically-talented enlisted men as a specialized corps of Army officers during World War II. Utilizing major colleges and universities across the country, the Army provided a four-year college education combined with specialized Army technical training over a period of one and one-half years to those enlisted men who were accepted into the program. The men of the ASTP were distinguished by the octagon shoulder patch insignia of the program which was worn on their uniforms. It depicts the lamp of knowledge crossed with the sword of valor -- an allusion to both the mental and physical capabilities of these specialized officers-in-training. This record group is a collection of materials from the Army Specialized Training Program at Michigan State Normal College.

University Participants 1942-1946 

Lists of faculty and students 


    Box Folder
Mixed Materials (32307024766256)   1 13

Alumni 1942-1946 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 14-16

Memorials 1945 


    Box Folder
Mixed Materials (32307024766256)   1 17

Clippings 1946 


    Box Folder
Mixed Materials (32307024766256)   1 18

Correspondence 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 19

G.I. Bill 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 20

Japanese American students 1942 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 21

Participant index cards 

Box

A through M 

3

N through Z, Faculty 

4

Willow Run Bomber Plant 1943-1945 

Clippings 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 22

Correspondence 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 23

Proposal 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 24

Campus 1942 

Air Raid Regulations 1942 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 25

Army Air Forces Southeast Training Center campus survey 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 26

Army Specialized Training Program 1943-1944 

Michigan State Normal College contract 1943 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024766256)   1 27

Correspondence 1943 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024766256)   1 28

Clippings and news releases 1943-1944 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024766256)   1 29

Proposal, procedures, policies 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024766256)   1 30

Curriculum 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024766256)   1 31

Bulletin 1943-1944 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024766256)   1 32

Faculty 1942 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024766256)   1 33

Supply orders 1943 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024766256)   1 34

Previous training records 1943-1944 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024766256)   1 35-36

Summations: detail of grade record 1943-1944 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024766256)   1 37-38

Standings 1943-1944 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024766256)   1 39

Transcript of academic record 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024766256)   1 40-41

Roster 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024766256)   1 42

Fred Barney cassettes 2005 


    Box Folder
Audio (32307024766256)   1 43

Barry H. Alford 1943-1944 

Certificates 


    Box Folder
Mixed Materials (32307024766256)   1 44

Memorabilia 


    Box Folder
Mixed Materials (32307024766256)   1 45

Correspondence 1943-1944 


    Box Folder
Mixed Materials (32307024766256)   1 46-49

Photographs 


    Box Folder
Mixed Materials (32307024766256)   1 50

Veterans of World War II 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024766264)   2 2

General note

The introduction to Veterans of World War II was written by E.R. Isbell, Dean of Administration in December 1955. In it he wrote:

The following list is composed of those men and women, both students and faculty, who left their work at Michigan State Normal College and entered the armed forces to serve their country during World War II. In spite of the face that a a large effort was made by a great many people to secure the information, many names sill appear with incomplete data, and doubtless additional names remain unreported. Of the list of 1,057 names that we have been able to compile, 63 died in service.

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