Harry T. Wood papers
010.HTW

Summary Information

Repository
Eastern Michigan University Archives
Creator
Wood, Harry T.
Title
Harry T. Wood papers
ID
010.HTW
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1923-1937
Date [inclusive]
1894-1943
Extent
8.6 Linear feet 7 record center cartons, 4 archive boxes
Language
English
Language of Materials note
The majority of the materials are in English, except for letters written in German in box 2, folder 5 and box 7, folder 9. A newspaper published in French is located in box 9, folder 10 as well.
Abstract
Harry T. Wood taught at Michigan State Normal College (MSNC) as an assistant professor in the Department of Speech from 1927 until his death in 1943. Wood coached the MSNC debate team, and belonged to organizations dedicated to providing comprehensive special education in Michigan. The Harry T. Wood papers include correspondence; notes and papers written as a student at various universities; outlines and publications used in classes he taught; MSNC student papers and grades; debate team materials; newspaper clippings; and research he conducted as a graduate student at the University of Iowa. Materials date from 1894 to 1943, with the bulk dating from 1923 to 1937. While some of Wood's syllabi and class notes may be found among the papers, most of the class material dating from his time at MSNC consist of student papers and notes, as well as teaching material. Wood's papers are a valuable resourse for anyone interested in special education, speech, graduate training during the 1920s, and student debates on the New Deal.

Preferred Citation note

Please cite materials from the University Archives in the following manner: Item. Collection Title. Eastern Michigan University Archives.

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Biographical note

Harry T. Wood was born on November 16, 1890 in Hennepin, Illinois. Wood received his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1915 from the University of Illinois, and joined the army shortly afterward. He was stationed in France with the 68th Coast Artillery during World War I. His first position as a college speech teacher was at Carleton College in Minnesota from 1921 until 1922. Wood married Esther Winterscheid in Hennepin, Illinois the same year he left Carleton College. In 1925, Wood received his Master of Arts degree from the University of Wisconsin in Madison, Wisconsin. He was a graduate teaching associate at the University of Iowa from 1922 to 1926 and became a member of the speech staff at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor in 1926. Wood left the following year to begin teaching at Michigan State Normal College as an assistant professor in the Department of Speech, a position he held from 1927 to 1943.

Wood specialized in speech correction and pathology, and served as the debate team coach at the schools and institutions where he taught. He was also active in multiple fraternities, and was the college patron of the Sigma Mu Sigma Fraternity. Wood belonged to many professional organizations, including the National Association of the Teachers of Speech and the Michigan Speech Correction Association and was a charter member of each. He founded a speech clinic at MSNC and offered assistance to those suffering from speech defects. Wood took doctoral courses in speech at the University of Iowa and the University of Michigan, but did not complete a PhD program. Wood died April 18, 1943.

(Information gathered from an obituary found in Wood's biographical file in the University Archives. It was written by F.B. McKay, head of the Department of Speech at Michigan State Normal College.)

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Scope and Contents note

The Harry T. Wood papers include correspondence, professional publications, newspaper clippings, debate outlines and notes, student notes, and course material. Materials date from 1894 to 1943, with the majority dating from 1923 to 1937. The papers are divided into five series: Personal, Professional Organizations, Academic Training, Academic Teaching, and Subject Files.

The Personal series contains Wood's certificates, correspondence, genealogical papers, and dictionaries. Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by last name of sender.

The Professional Organizations series is divided into the Michigan Speech Correction Association subseries and the Michigan State Committee on Speech subseries. The former subseries contains correspondence and the Michigan Speech Correction Association's constitution. The latter subseries contains publications, pamphlets, and copies of state legislation.

The Academic Training series is arranged chronologically by each instition that Wood attended: high school, University of Illinois, University of Wisconsin, University of Iowa, and the University of Michigan. The latter three universities each have a subseries with course notes, papers, and course packs arranged alphabetically by class title and/or subject.

The Academic Teaching series is arranged chronologically by the institutions where Wood taught: high schools, Carleton College, University of Iowa, University of Michigan, and Michigan State Normal College. Wood taught at the Springfield, Illinois high school and was superintendent of schools in Fillmore, Illinois. The University of Michigan subseries is further divided alphabetically by course. The Michigan State Normal College is divided into course material, debate team papers, faculty papers, and professional publications. Papers of the men's debate team are arranged chronologically by the year of each particular debate. The subseries of faculty papers contains Wood's transcripts, curriculum vitae, pay information, and letters of recommendation. Materials relating to the Pi Gammu Mu, Pi Kappa Delta, and Sigma Mu Sigma fraternities, organiszations Wood was intimately involved with, had been previously removed from the collection and filed in the fraternities' individual collections.

Wood collected newspaper clippings, papers, and publications for his research, professional needs, and as mementos. These materials are found in the Subject File series, which maintains Wood's original organization of alphabetically by subject. The Insurance file contains correspondence relating to insurance plans available to Michigan State Normal College staff. Material relating to the Michigan State Normal College debate team may also be found in the Argumentation, Debate, and Programs-Debate files. Papers from speech classes that Wood taught, as well as transcripts of speeches Wood wrote, may be found in the Pedagogical Problems file. The Child Psychology file contains a sampling of Gladys Huntington Bevans'  You and Your Children column and Doris Blake's advice column published in the Chicago Herald Tribune betweem 1927 and 1932. Material relating to World War I may be found in the War file. Materials from the  Occasional Addresses and  Programs subseries are further divided by events.

Wood conducted field research on speech defects while a graduate student at the University of Iowa in the 1920s. He also participated in a speech clinic while teaching at Michigan State Normal College. Papers relating to both activities may be found in the Clinic in Speech Correction subject file.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Eastern Michigan University Archives 2014 April 9

Halle Library, Room 310
Ypsilanti, Michigan, 48197
734-487-2673
lib_archives@emich.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

Researchers are asked to request materials 24 hours prior to visiting the the University Archives.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Researchers interested in other professors who have taught at Eastern Michigan University may also review the Daniel Putnam papers(02.DP), professor of psychology and pedagogy from 1868 to 1906; the  John B. Virtue papers (010.JV), professor of English from 1946 to 1971; and the  Julia Ann King papers (010.JAK), professor of history from 1881 to 1919. These collections contain various lectures, course outlines and descriptions, and publications of the respective professors.

The Department of Special Education records (07.SE)may be of use to anyone researching special education. The records include publications on the history of the special education program (the oldest in the nation) and papers from the 1930s.

Separated Materials note

Papers relating to the Pi Gammu Mu, Pi Kappa Delta, and Sigma Mu Sigma fraternities were previously removed and placed in the fraternities' individual collections.

A group of letters and papers belonging to Claudia Crumpton originally appeared in the collection. Crumpton was employed at Detroit's Northwestern High School. There is no evidence of how Wood obtained these papers or what, if any, relationship Wood had with Crumption. All of the papers and letters are from the early 1920s and illustrate Crumpton's role as secretary of the Committee on American Speech for the National Council of Teachers of English. The papers also document the "Better Speech" movement of the 1910s and 1920s, which aimed at improving Americans' grammar and articulation. Due to the independent nature of the material's creation, Claudia Crumpton's papers have been removed and form a separate collection (018.CEC).

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Controlled Access Headings

Subject(s)

  • College teachers
  • Debates and debating
  • Michigan State Normal College
  • Special education
  • Speech
  • Speech disorders

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Collection Inventory

Personal 1911-1943  (Bulk, 1914-1929)

Box Folder

Certificates 1911-1938 

10 1

Correspondence 1923-1943  (Bulk, 1925-1929)

Box Folder

A-H 1923-1935  (Bulk, 1925-1929)

1 1-3

I-Z 1923-1943  (Bulk, 1925-1929)

1 4-5

Published Material 

Box Folder

English-French grammar books 1917-1918 

1 6

Genealogical material undated 

1 7

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Professional Organizations 

Michigan Speech Correction Association 1937-1943  (Bulk, 1939-1940)

Box Folder

Constitution and bylaws 1939 

1 8

Correspondence 1937-1943  (Bulk, 1939-1940)

1 9-10

Michigan State Committee on Speech Correction 1935-1942  (Bulk, 1938-1941)

Box Folder

Committee papers and publications 1935-1942  (Bulk, 1938-1942)

1 11-12

Pamphlets 1938-1940 

1 13

State papers and legislation 1935-1942  (Bulk, 1939-1941)

1 14

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Academic Training 

Box Folder

High School Student 1908-1910 

1 15

University of Illinois 1912-1913 

1 16

University of Wisconsin 1922-1924  (Bulk, 1922-1923)

Box Folder

Correction of Speech Disorders 1922 

1 17

Psychology of Reading and Speaking 1924 

1 18

Seminar in Correction of Speech Disorders 1923 

1 19

Seminary in Rhetoric and Oratory 1924 

1 20

Seminary in Teachers' Problems 1922 

1 21

Speech Composition 1922 

1 22

Speech Correction Course Plans 1922-1923 

1 23

University of Iowa 1922-1926  (Bulk, 1925-1926)

Box Folder

Abnormal Psychology 1923-1924 

1 24-25

Educational Psychology 1925-1926 

1 26-30

Laboratory Psychology 1925-1926 

1 31

Mental Development 1925-1926 

1 32

Pedagogical Problems of Speech 1922-1923 

1 33

Philosophy 180 circa 1923 

1 34

Seminar in Speech Correction 1923-1924 

1 35

Speech Correction Text 1923-1924 

1 36-37

Speech Defects Among University Students 1925-1926 

1 38-39

Systematic Psychology 1925-1926 

2 1-3

Theory of Speech 1922 

2 4

University of Michigan 1926-1929  (Bulk, 1926-1927)

Box Folder

English Phonetics 1927-1928 

2 5

General Linguistics 1926-1927 

2 6

Psychology of the Abnormal and the Occult 1926-1927 

2 7

Psychology of Language 1926-1927 

2 8-9

Speech 210 1929 

2 10

Systematic Psychology 1926-1927 

2 11-13

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Academic Teaching 

Box Folder

High School Employee 1916-1922  (Bulk, 1916-1918)

2 14

Carleton College 1922 

2 15

University of Iowa, Semester Grades 1923-1925 

2 16

University of Michigan 1923-1928 

Box Folder

Beginning Course 1923-1928  (Bulk, 1928)

2 17

Public Speaking 42 1927 

2 18

Speech 133 1927 

2 19-22

Michigan State Normal College (MSNC) 1923-1942 

Course Files 

Box Folder

Beginning Speech Correction 1934-1935 

2 23

Public Speaking 112 1937-1942 

2 24-25

Special Education 306 1939 

2 26

Speech 111 1936-1937 

2 27

Speech 151/152 1927-1932 

2 28-29

Speech Correction 1937-1940 

2 30-31

Speech Drills 1938 

2 32-33

Debate Team 

Box Folder

Debate Clippings 1929-1935 

3 1

Men's Debate, Latin American Policy 1927-1928 

3 2-4

Men's Debate, Abolition of Trial by Jury 1928-1929 

3 5-6

Men's Debate, Chain Stores 1929-1930 

3 7

Men's Debate, Unemployment Insurance 1930-1931 

3 8-9

Men's Debate, Capitalism or Socialism 1931-1932 

3 10

Men's Debate, Tax Reform 1932-1933 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024758394)   3 11-15
    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024653025)   10 2

Box Folder

Men's Debate, Powers of the President 1933-1934 

3 16-19

Men's Debate, Control of Munitions 1934-1935 

3 20-24

Men's Debate, Judicial Review 1935-1936 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024653025)   10 3
    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024758394)   3 25-26
    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024653082)   4 1

Men's Debate, Minimum Wage and the National Labor Relations Board 1936-1937 


    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024653082)   4 2-5
    Box Folder
Mixed materials (32307024653025)   10 4

Box Folder

Men's Debate, National Labor Relations Board and Wagner Act 1938 

4 6

Men's Debate, New Deal 1938-1939 

10 5

Men's Debate, American Isolation 1939-1940 

4 7

Men's Debate, Union of Americas 1940-1941 

10 6

Men's Debate, Labor Strikes 1941-1942 

4 8

Pi Kappa Delta, National Honorary Forensic Society 1928-1929 

4 9

Speech Activites 1928-1938 

4 10

Women's Debate 1939 

4 11
Box Folder

Faculty File circa 1923-1943  (Bulk, 1923-1930)

4 12-13

Professional Publications 1923-1942  (Bulk, 1932-1934)

4 14-17

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Subject Files 

Box Folder

Advanced Speech 1918-1932  (Bulk, 1918-1924)

4 18-20

After Dinner 1930-1941  (Bulk, 1937-1941)

4 21

American Language 1923-1931  (Bulk, 1923-1927)

4 22

American Legion 1920-1939  (Bulk, 1930-1934)

4 23

Animals circa 1927-1934 

4 24

Argumentation 1923-1925 

4 25

Beginning Speech 1923-1929  (Bulk, 1924-1926)

4 26-30

Better Speech 1913-1932  (Bulk, 1928-1932)

4 31-32

Books 1928-1933 

5 1

Boy Scouts 1924 

5 2

Cartoons 1927-1933 

5 3

Catholicism 1925 

5 4

Chapel Addresses 1916-1937 

5 5

Child Psychology 1925-1932  (Bulk, 1927-1930)

5 6

Christian Science 1909 

5 7

Church 1913-1937  (Bulk, 1913-1927)

5 8-9

Clinic in Speech Correction 1915-1940  (Bulk, 1923-1926)

5 10-14

Constitution 1928-1933 

5 15

Cooperative Movement 1931 

5 16

Courage 1932 

5 17

Cryptograms 1931 

5 18

Debating 1923-1932  (Bulk, 1923-1926)

10 7-8

Drama undated 

5 19

Dramatic Production 1915-1933  (Bulk, 1916-1923)


    Box Folder
Text (32307024653074)   5 20-22
    Box Folder
Text (32307024653025)   10 9

Box Folder

Dress undated 

5 23

Education-Modern circa 1925-1937 

5 24

Education-Religious undated 

5 25

Education-Rural circa 1929 

5 26

Education-Special circa 1931-1933 

5 27

Education-Value of 1922-1933 

5 28

Entertainment 1926-1929 

5 29

Epitaphs undated 

5 30

Etiquette undated 

5 31

Eugenics 1927 

5 32

Eulogies 1908-1933  (Bulk, 1909-1926)

5 33-36

Faith 1930 

5 37

Fishing 1928 

5 38

Football 1927-1934 

5 39

Fraternities 1923-1937 

5 40

Golf 1928-1930 

5 41

Health 1923-1935 

5 42

High School Contests 1908-1934  (Bulk, 1923-1927)

5 43-45

History 1924-1934 

5 46

Illinois 1909-1910 

5 47

Illinois Notebooks 1909-1919  (Bulk, 1909-1913)


    Box Folder
Text (32307024653074)   5 48
    Box Folder
Text (32307024653025)   10 10
    Box Folder
Text (32307024653033)   6 1-2

Box Folder

Illiteracy 1930 

6 3

Industrial Progress 1927-1933 

6 4

Insurance 1928-1937 

6 5-6

Intolerance 1926-1929 

6 7

Literary Interpretation 1902-1932  (Bulk, 1916-1926)

6 8-11

Literary Quiz 1927-1931 

6 12

Love undated 

6 13

Lynching 1933 

6 14

Machine Age 1931-1933 

6 15

Marriage 1928-1934 

6 16

Mencken 1926-1928 

6 17-18

Mental Measurements 1918-1930  (Bulk, 1918-1920)

6 19-20

Michigan 1923-1932  (Bulk, 1932)

6 21

Modern Age 1925-1932 

6 22

Movies 1916-1933  (Bulk, 1928-1933)

6 23

Narcotics 1929 

6 24

Occasional Addresses 

Box Folder

Arbor Day 1928-1933 

6 25

Armistice Day 1921-1936  (Bulk, 1921-1930)

6 26

Army and Navy Day 1915-1931  (Bulk, 1926-1931)

6 27

Christmas circa 1937 

6 28

Church and Sunday School circa 1932-1933 

6 29

Community Development undated 

6 30

Constitution Day 1928-1933 

6 31

Easter 1933 

6 32

Economic and Social Problems undated 

6 33

Father's Day circa 1924 

6 34

Flag Day 1915-1932  (Bulk, 1915-1917)

6 35

Fourth of July 1917-1930 

6 36

Fraternalism circa 1928 

6 37

General undated 

6 38

Graduation undated 

6 39

Mother's Day 1923-1942  (Bulk, 1930-1934)

6 40

Memorial Day 1924-1942  (Bulk, 1924-1932)

6 41

New Years Day 1917-1933  (Bulk, 1932-1933)

6 42

Occasional Addresses undated 

6 43

Political undated 

6 44

St. Valentine's Day 1933 

6 45

Thanksgiving circa 1925-1933 

11 1

Toastmaster 1921-1933 

6 46

Orations circa 1915-1930 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024653033)   6 47-49
    Box Folder
Text (32307024653017)   11 2

Box Folder

Oratory 1912-1930  (Bulk, 1912-1917)

11 3-5

Pageantry and One Act Plays 1919-1936  (Bulk, 1924-1933)


    Box Folder
Books (32307024653033)   6 50
    Box Folder
Text (32307024653041)   7 1

Box Folder

Past and Present 1924-1933 

7 2

Paternalism 1931 

7 3

Pedagogical Problems 1923-1934 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024653041)   7 4-5
    Box Folder
Text (32307024653017)   11 6

Box Folder

Personality 1926-1931 

7 6

Personnel Management 1925 

7 7

Phonetics 1924-1932 

7 8-9

Pictures 1928-1933 

7 10

Pioneers 1925-1930 

7 11

Poems circa 1915-1935 

7 12

Political Parties 1927-1928 

7 13

Population circa 1931-1933 

7 14

Presidents 1933 

7 15

Press 1927 

7 16

Programs 

Box Folder

Conference 1924-1928 

7 17

Debate 1913-1936  (Bulk, 1924-1929)

7 18

Declamatory Contests 1922-1928 

7 19

Entertainment circa 1923 

7 20

Forensics 1914-1924 

7 21

Interscholastic Speaking Contests 1925-1928 

7 22

Miscellaneous 1913-1940  (Bulk, 1925-1935)

7 23-26

National Association of Speech Teachers 1924-1936  (Bulk, 1924-1928)

7 27

Oratorical Contests 1912-1926  (Bulk, 1922-1925)

7 28

Plays 1921-1928 

7 29

Songs circa 1919-1940 

7 30
Box Folder

Propaganda 1927-1929 

7 31

Pseudo-Science 1929 

7 32

Psychology of Speech undated 

7 33

Public Lecture 1894-1927  (Bulk, 1911-1927)

7 34-35

Public Opinion undated 

7 36

Purpose of Life circa 1927 

7 37

Radio 1929-1934 

7 38-39

Readings 1921-1923 

7 40-41

Reformers 1913-1931  (Bulk, 1931)

7 42

Research, Importance of 1924-1930 

7 43

Research Problems circa 1915-1925 

7 44

Signatures undated 

7 45

Smoking circa 1925-1929 

7 46

Socialism 1924-1932 

7 47

Speech Composition undated 

7 48

Speech Correction 1912-1932 


    Box Folder
Text (32307024653058)   8 1-2
    Box Folder
Text (32307024653041)   7 49

Box Folder

Stagecraft undated 

8 3

Stories circa 1909-1930 

8 4-5

Student Life circa 1928 

8 6

Success 1929-1933 

8 7

Suicide 1925-1930 

8 8

Sugar 1929 

8 9

Superstitions 1920-1933 

8 10

Teachers 1915-1930  (Bulk, 1918-1928)


    Box Folder
Text (32307024653066)   9 1
    Box Folder
Text (32307024653058)   8 11-13

Box Folder

Teaching circa 1916-1927 

9 2

Thrift circa 1931 

9 3

Twins undated 

9 4

Voice Science circa 1915-1930 

9 5-6

Vote Slackers 1921-1932 

9 7

War 1915-1919 

9 8-10

Wealth 1916-1932 

9 11

Weather 1928-1929 

9 12

Wisconsin 1926-1932 

9 13

Women 1913-1933 

9 14

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